DEFAMILIARISASI MITOS DAN HEGEMONI KUASA DALAM NOVEL PULANG (Defamiliarization of Myth and Hegemony of Power in Pulang Novel)

S. Prasetyo Utomo

Abstract


Leila S. Chudori menyegarkan dunia sastra modern dengan memasukkan konsep defamiliarisasi ke dalam karyanya. Dalam dunia tokoh novel Leila S. Chudori terdapat banyak sekali ‘keanehan’ yang ditampilkan, baik berupa karakter tokoh, benda kenangan, tempat, maupun peristiwa yang terjadi dalam cerita. Novel ini dianalisis dengan teknik defamiliarisasi karena cara pengolahannya terlihat jelas dalam penyimpangan motif, struktur narasi, dan kisah teks hipogram. Dengan metode penelitian hermenetik dapat dianalisis bahwa Leila S. Chudori telah menghadirkan sudut pandang yang berbeda dari peristiwa sejarah yang paling berdarah di Indonesia. Defamiliarisasi yang disingkap Liela S. Chudori adalah tokoh-tokoh yang diduga sebagai komunis dan kerabatnya, yang mengalami pelanggaran hak asasi manusia, kehilangan status kewarganegaraan, kehilangan hak atas pekerjaan dan bahkan kesulitan dalam menemukan jodoh. Leila S. Chudori menyingkap tabiat busuk birokrat tingkat atas yang berlindung di balik hegemoni kekuasaan, sambil menikmati hidup mewah di atas derita rakyat kebanyakan. Leila S. Chudori telah membangkitkan empati baru melalui defamiliarisasi mitos, dari sejarah panjang hegemoni kekuasaan Orba, yang kemudian ditumbangkan dengan gegap-gempita.

Leila S. Chudori refreshed the literary world by incorporating the concept of defamiliarization into her work. In the world of characters, her novel contains many “oddities” to perform, like character of character, memorable things, place, or events occurs in the story. The novel is analyzed using defamiliarization technique because the processing method is clearly visible in the motive deviation, narrative structure, and hypogram story. With the hermeneutic research method, it can be analyzed that Leila S. Chudori has presented a different point of view from the bloodiest historical events in Indonesia. The definitions that Liea S. Chudori revealed were figures who were suspected of being communist and their relatives, who experienced human rights violation, lost their citizenship status, lost their rights to work and even had difficulty finding a mate. Leila S. Chudori exposes the rotten chair character of the top bureaucrat who take refuge behind the hegemony power, while enjoying a luxurious life above the plight of the people in general. Leila S. Chudori has generated new emphaty through the defamiliarization of myths, from the long history of New Order hegemony of power, which was then overthrown with great fanfare.


Keywords


efamiliarisasi; hermeneutik; hegemoni kekuasaan; defamiliarization; hermeneutic; power of hegemony

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.26499/wdsra.v3i1.94

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