KEARIFAN EKOLOGIS DALAM NOVEL PRAU LAYAR ING KALI CODE KARYA BUDI SARJONO: TINJAUAN KRITIK EKOLOGI (Ecological Wisdom in Prau Layar ing Kali Code Novel by Budi Sarjono: Review on Ecocritics)

Yohanes Adhi Satiyoko

Abstract


Kritik ekologi dijumpai juga dalam karya sastra. Salah satunya novel Prau Layar ing Kali Code karangan Budi Sarjono. Novel ini mengangkat permasalahan bencana alam banjir di wilayah Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta. Latar belakang budaya tradisional dan mitos hidup di masyarakat Yogyakarta menjadi bagian pendekatan kritik ekologi. Permasalahan yang dibahas dalam penelitian ini ialah (1) bagaimana alam direpresentasikan dalam novel Prau Layar ing Kali Code, (2) bagaimanakah kearifan ekologis dalam Novel Prau Layar ing Kali Code yang diwujudkan.  Teori yang digunakan adalah teori kritik ekologi (ecocriticism) oleh Glotfelty yang memaparkan relasi manusia dan alam secara anthroposetris, biosentris, dan ekosentris. Ketiga bentuk relasi tersebut menggambarkan aktivitas eksploitasi alam sampai dengan munculnya kearifan ekologis dalam kehidupan budaya masyarakat Yogyakarta.

Ecocritic is also met in literary works. One of them is Prau Layar ing Kali Code novel, by Budi Sardjono. The novel tells about flood disaster in Yogyakarta Special Region area. Traditional cultural background and myth living in Yogyakarta people become approaching part of ecocritics. Problem formulation in the research is (1) how is the nature represented in Prau Layar ing Kali Code novel, (2) how is the ecological wisdom in Prau Layar ing Kali Code novel is represented. The theory used in the research is ecocriticism by Glotfelty that explaining human relationship to nature antropocentricly, biocentricly, and ecocentricly. Those three relationships portray exploitation activities to nature to the emerging of ecological wisdom in cultural life of Yogyakarta people.

Keywords


ekologi, sastra; mitos; antroposentris; biosentris; ekosentris; ecology; literature; myth; anthropocentric; biocentric; ecocentric

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.26499/wdsra.v2i1.68

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